Electricity - A challenge
Energy is one of the most fundamental parts of our universe. Energy causes things to happen around us. By definition, Energy is the “ability to do work”. It can neither be created nor destroyed; it can only be transformed from one form to another. Energy can be found in a number of different forms such as chemical, thermal, mechanical, radiant, nuclear and electricity. Everything we do is connected to energy in one form or another.
Electricity has become an essential part of our lives. It lights up our homes, cooks our food, powers our computers, television sets, and other electronic devices.
The global demand for electricity is on an increasing trend and is expected to increase even more in near future. This increasing demand of electricity is putting tremendous pressure on supply side which is dominated by coal. Currently, much of our electricity comes from burning coal in power plants, releasing large quantities of greenhouse gases contributing to global climate change. With increasing demand and no way to store electricity, the challenge is to produce and supply enough electricity to meet this demand.
Overcoming the challenge
The solution lies in constructing a plan to meet our current as well as future electricity needs at a reliable, cost-competitive yet environment friendly way. Here’s how we can do that:
- Judicious Use: Employ energy conservation tips while using your electrical appliances anytime, anywhere.
- Energy conservation: It is estimated that we can save 10-15% energy easily through smart conservation. In the long run, this can result in huge savings.
- Green Energy Sources: Increasing the share of Non-conventional energy sources such as wind power, solar power, hydro power etc. are environment friendly power sources.
- Efficient Transmission & Distribution systems: Electricity generated in plants is transmitted to areas where it is consumed through the Transmission and Distribution network. During this movement of electricity, some energy is lost due to resistance in wires and equipments. Adopting better technology, better system design, adequate investment in system, installing electronic meters, actions to curb power thefts etc will make the Transmission & Distribution system more efficient thereby reducing the losses in transit.
- Smart Grid: Smart Grid technologies can transform an electric power delivery system into an intelligent, durable, dependable, self-balancing, and interactive network.